The Relationship Of Body Shape Satisfaction With Personal Intimacy And Sexual Satisfaction Among Married Females


  • Dr Sheeba Farhan Assistant Professor in the Institute of Professional Psychology, Bahria University Karachi.
  • Yumna Ismail M.Phil Student in the Institute of Professional Psychology, Bahria University Karachi



Body Shape, Intimacy, Sexual Satisfaction, Married Females


The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between body shape, intimacy and sexual satisfaction in the life of married females. It has been hypothesized that there is a significant relationship of body shape, intimacy and sexual satisfaction of married females. Also with respect to the duration of marriage, impact of body shape, intimacy and also sexual satisfaction has been analyzed. Sample of 293 married females, with age range of 25-28(M=1.96, SD=.1714) years was chosen through convenient purposive sampling technique. Scales used are Body Shape Satisfactions Scale, Personal Assessment of Intimacy in relationship scale (PAIR) and Sexual Satisfaction Scale. Correlation is used through statistical analysis on data through Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS -25). The findings of the current research revealed that there is significant weak negative correlation of body shape satisfaction with sexual satisfaction in married females (r=-.20 p=0.01); body shape satisfaction with personal intimacy (r=-.232 p=0.01) and a positive moderate correlation of sexual satisfaction with personal intimacy (r=.694 p=0.01). The results also show that there is no significant difference between body shape satisfaction and years of marriage of married females however, there is a significant correlation between years of marriage and sexual satisfaction, also shows the significant relationship of Body shape, intimacy and sexual satisfaction may result in dysfunctional and dissatisfying sexual experiences and the study suggests that incorporating body image intervention into therapy for sexual problems may be useful.


Ali, F.A., Israr, S.M., Ali, B.S. et al. (2009). Association of Various Reproductive Rights, Domestic Violence and Marital Rape with Depression among Pakistani Women. BMC Psychiatry, vol.9, p.77.

Ayub, Nadia; Iqbal & Shahid (2012). The Factors Predicting Marital Satisfaction: A Gender Difference in Pakistan. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences .2012, Vol. 6 Issue 7, p63-73. 11p.

Baumeister, R. F. & Bratslavsky, E. (1999). Passion, Intimacy, and Time: Passionate Love as a Function of Change in Intimacy. Personality and Social Psychology Review, vol.3:1, pp.49-67.

Baumeister, R. F., Catanese, K. R. & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Is There a Gender Difference in Strength of Sex Drive? Theoretical Views, Conceptual Distinctions, and a Review of Relevant Evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Review, vol.5:3, pp.242-273. 5

Berscheid, E. S. & Regan, P. C. (2016). The Psychology of Interpersonal Relationships. Psychology Press.

Bhasin, S., Enzlin, P., Coviello, A. & Basson, R. (2007). Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women with Endocrine Disorders. The Lancet, vol.369(9561), pp.597-611.

Britt, S.L. & Huston, S.J. (2012). The Role of Money Arguments in Marriage. J Fam Econ, vol.33, pp.464–47

Brown, J. N., Stukas, A. A. & Evans, L. (2013). Appearance Feedback in Intimate Relationships: The Role of Self-Verification and Self-Enhancement. Body Image, vol.10, pp.131-134. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2012.09.002

Buhrmester, D. & Prager, K. (1995). Patterns and Functions of Self-Disclosure during Childhood and Adolescence.

Burke, R. J., Weir, T. & Harrison, D. (1976). Disclosure of Problems and Tensions Experienced by Marital Partners. Psychological Reports, vol.38:2, pp.531-542.

Buss, D. M. & Schmitt, D. P. (1993). Sexual Strategies Theory: An Evolutionary Perspective on Human Mating. Psychological Review, vol.100, pp.203-232. doi:10.4135/9781412956253

Cancian, F. M. (1986). The Feminization of Love. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol.11:4, pp.692-709.

Cash, T. F. & Szymanski, M. L. (1995). The Development and Validation of the Body-Image Ideals Questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment, vol.64:3, pp.466-477.

Cash, T. F., Melnyk, S. E. & Hrabosky, J. I. (2004b). The Assessment of Body Image Investment: An Extensive Revision of the Appearance Schemas Inventory. International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol.35, pp.305-316. doi:10.1002/eat.19264

Chao, J. K., Lin, Y. C., Ma, M. C., Lai, C. J., Ku, Y. C., Kuo, W. H. & Chao, I. C. (2011). Relationship among Sexual Desire, Sexual Satisfaction, and Quality of Life in Middle-Aged and Older Adults. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, vol.37:5, 386–403.

Chivers, M. L., Seto, M. C., Lalumiere, M. L., Laan, E. & Grimbos, T. (2010). Agreement of Self-Reported and Genital Measures of Sexual Arousal in Men and Women: A Meta-Analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol.39:1, pp.5-56. doi: 10.1007/s10508-009-9556-9

Clinebell, H. J. & Clinebell, C. H. (1970). The Intimate Marriage. alkitab-2/ 26%20Clinebell%2C%20Charlotte%20H.%20-%20 The%20Intimat.pdf

Cooper, D. K., Keyzers, A., Jenson, E. J., Braughton, J., Li, Y., Ausherbauer, K. & Harris, S. M. (2018). Stress, Couple Satisfaction, and the Mediating Role of Couple Sexuality in Relationship Wellness. Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences, vol.110:3, pp.32-38.

Cooper, P. J., Taylor, M. J., Cooper, Z. & Fairbum, C. G. (1987). The Development and Validation of the Body Shape Questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol.6:4, pp.485-494. <485::AID-EAT2260060405>3.0.CO;2-O

Dahms, A. (1972). Emotional intimacy. Denver, CO: Pruett.

deGraaf, H., &Sandfort, T. G. (2004). Gender Differences in Affective Responses to Sexual Rejection. Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol.33:4, pp.395-403.doi: 10.1023/

Doss, B. D., Simpson, L. E. & Christensen, A. (2004). Why do Couples Seek Marital Therapy? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, vol.35, pp.608-614. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.35.6.608

Dowson, J. & Henderson, L. (2001). The Validity of a Short Version of the Body Shape Questionnaire. Psychiatry Research, vol.102:3, 263-271. DOI: 10.1016/s0165-1781(01)00254-2

Duba, J. D. (2011). Intimacy and the Recovery of Intimacy in Religious and Faith-Based Relationships. In Recovering Intimacy in Love Relationships (pp. 377-392). Routledge.

Faith, M. S. & Schare, M. L. (1993). The Role of Body Image in Sexually Avoidant Behavior. Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol.22:4, pp.345-356. DOI: 10.1007/BF01542123

Fletcher, G. J. O., Simpson, J. A. & Thomas, G. (2000). Ideals, Perceptions, and Evaluations in Early Relationship Development. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol.79:6, pp.933–940.

Fredrickson, B. L. & Roberts, T. (1997). Objectification Theory: Toward Understanding Women’s Lived Experiences and Mental Health Risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, vol.21, pp.173–206. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6402.1997.tb00108.x

Goins, L. B., Markey, C. N. & Gillen, M. M. (2012). Understanding Men’s Body Image in the Context of their Romantic Relationships. American Journal of Men's Health, vol.6:3, pp.240-248.

Goldhor-Lerner, H. (1989). The Dance of Intimacy. New York: Harper & Row, vol.11:3, pp.413-435.

Hasan, S., Zafar, M. & Yasmeen, R. (2019). Body Image Disturbance and Relationship Satisfaction between Obese and Non-Obese Married Women. Khyber Medical University Journal, vol.11:1, pp.21-25.

Hatfield, E. (1988). Passionate and Companionate Love. The Psychology of Love, pp.191-217.

Heller, P. E. & Wood, B. (1998). The Process of Intimacy: Similarity, Understanding and Gender. Journal of Marital and Family therapy, vol.24:3, pp.273-288.

Hill, E. J., Allsop, D. B., LeBaron, A. B. & Bean, R. A. (2017). How do Money, Sex, and Stress Influence Marital Instability? Journal of Financial Therapy, vol.8:1,

Holt, A. & Lyness, K. P. (2007). Body Image and Sexual Satisfaction: Implications for Couple therapy. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy, vol.6:3, pp.45-68.

House, J. S., Landis, K. R. & Umberson, D. (1988). Social Relationships and Health. Science, vol.241:4865, pp.540-545.

House, J. S., Robbins, C. & Metzner, H. L. (1982). The Association of Social Relationships and Activities with Mortality: Prospective Evidence from the Tecumseh Community Health Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, vol.116:1, pp.123-140. DOI: 10.1126/science.3399889

Hudson, W. W. (1992). The WALMYR Assessment Scales scoring manual. Tempe, AZ: WALMYR Pub. Co.

Hudson, W., Harrison, D. & Crosscup, P. (1981). Index of Sexual Satisfaction. Educational Testing Service. The Journal of Sex Research, vol.17:2, pp.157-174. Retrieved August 17, 2021

Kisler, T. S. & Scott Christopher, F. (2008). Sexual Exchanges and Relationship Satisfaction: Testing the Role of Sexual Satisfaction as a Mediator and Gender as a Moderator. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, vol.25:4, pp.587-602. DOI 10.1177/0265407508090874

Liu, J. (2013). The Relationship between Body Image Dissatisfaction with Social Physique Anxiety and Exercise Behaviors in the Context of Romantic Relationship. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1411379798). The art of intimacy. Prentice Hall. dissertations-theses/relationship-between-body-image-dissatisfaction/docview/ 1411379798/se-2?accountid=135034Malone

Markey, C. N. & Markey, P. M. (2006). Romantic Relationships and Body Satisfaction among Young Women. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol.35:2, pp.256-264. DOI: 10.1007/s10964-005-9013-6

Masters, N. T., Casey, E., Wells, E. A. & Morrison, D. M. (2013). Sexual Scripts among Young Heterosexually Active Men and Women: Continuity and Change. Journal of Sex Research, vol.50:5, pp.409-420.

Masters, W. H., Johnson, V. E., översättning, S. & Lisper, H. O. (1982). Homosexuality in Perspective. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, vol.11:1, pp.54-56.

McCreary, D. R. (2011). Body Image and Muscularity. In T. F. Cash & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body Image: A Handbook of Science, Practice, and Prevention, pp. 198–205. The Guilford Press.

McKinley, N. M. & Hyde, J. S. (1996). The Objectified Body Consciousness Scale: Development and Validation. Psychology of Women Quarterly, vol.20:2, pp.181-215.

Meltzer, A. L. & McNulty, J. K. (2010). Body Image and Marital Satisfaction: Evidence for the Mediating Role of Sexual Frequency and Sexual Satisfaction. Journal of Family Psychology, vol24:2, p.156.

Mendelson, B. K., McLaren, L., Gauvin, L. & Steiger, H. (2002). The Relationship of Self‐Esteem and Body Esteem in Women with and without Eating Disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol.31:3, pp.318-323.

Menzel, J. E., Krawczyk, R. & Thompson, J. K. (2011). Attitudinal Assessment of Body Image for Adolescents and Adults.

Merves-Okin, L. & Amidon, E. (1987). Levels of Verbal Intimacy Pcrceptiorz. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University, 8250841

Michael P. Goodman, MD, Otto J. Placik, MD, David L. Matlock, MD, MBA, Alex F. Simopoulos, MD, Teresa A. Dalton, JD, PhD, David Veale, MD, Susan Hardwick-Smith, MD, (2016). Evaluation of Body Image and Sexual Satisfaction in Women Undergoing Female Genital Plastic/Cosmetic Surgery, Aesthetic Surgery Journal, vol.36:9, pp.1048–1057,

Mishkind, M. E., Rodin, J., Silberstein, L. R. & Striegel-Moore, R. H. (1986). The Embodiment of Masculinity: Cultural, Psychological, and Behavioral Dimensions. American Behavioral Scientist, vol.29:5, pp.545-562.

Montesi, J.L., Conner, B.T., Gordon, E.A. et al. (2013). On the Relationship Among Social Anxiety, Intimacy, Sexual Communication, and Sexual Satisfaction in Young Couples. Arch Sex Behav, vol.42, pp.81–91. s10508-012-9929-3

Morrison, R. L. (2009). Are Women Tending and Befriending in the Workplace? Gender Differences in the Relationship between Workplace Friendships and Organizational Outcomes. Sex Roles, vol.60:1, pp.1-13. s11199-008-9513-4

Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G. & Collins, N. L. (2006). Optimizing Assurance: The Risk Regulation System in Relationships. Psychological Bulletin, vol.132:5, p.641.

Nigar, A. & Naqvi, I. (2019). Body Dissatisfaction, Perfectionism, and Media Exposure among Adolescents. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, vol.34. pp.57-77. 10.33824/PJPR.2019.

Nosek, M. A., Hughes, R. B., Swedlund, N., Taylor, H. B. & Swank, P. (2003). Self-Esteem and Women with Disabilities. Social Science & Medicine, vol.56:8, pp.1737-1747.

Paap, C. E. & Gardner, R. M. (2011). Body Image Disturbance and Relationship Satisfaction among College Students. Personality and Individual Differences, vol.51:6, pp.715-719.

Pole, M., Crowther, J. H. & Schell, J. (2004). Body Dissatisfaction in Married Women: The Role of Spousal Influence and Marital Communication Patterns. Body Image, vol.1:3, pp.267-278.

Reis, H. T. (2018). Intimacy as an Interpersonal Process. In Relationships, Well-Being and Behaviour (pp. 113-143). Routledge.

Rieves, L. & Cash, T. F. (1996). Social Developmental Factors and Women's Body-Image Attitudes. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, vol.11:1, p.63.

Robles, T. F., Slatcher, R. B., Trombello, J. M. & McGinn, M. M. (2014). Marital Quality and Health: a Meta-Analytic Review. Psychological Bulletin, vol.140:1, pp.140-187.

Rubin, H. & Campbell, L. (2012). Day-to-Day Changes in Intimacy Predict Heightened Relationship Passion, Sexual Occurrence, and Sexual Satisfaction: A Dyadic Diary Analysis. Social Psychological and Personality Science, vol.3:2, pp.224-231.

Schaefer, M. T. & Olson, D. H. (1981). Assessing Intimacy: The PAIR Inventory. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, vol.7:1, pp.47-60.

Scorsolini-Comin, F. & Santos, M. A. (2012). Correlations between Subjective Well-Being, Dyadic Adjustment and Marital Satisfaction in Brazilian Married People. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, vol.15:1, pp.166-176.

Shorey, R. C., Cornelius, T. L. & Bell, K. M. (2008). A Critical Review of Theoretical Frameworks for Dating Violence: Comparing the Dating and Marital Fields. Aggression and Violent Behavior, vol.13:3, pp.185-194.

Snyder, M. (1987). Public Appearances, Private Realities: The Psychology of Self-Monitoring. WH Freeman/Times Books/Henry Holt & Co.

Snyder, M. (1993). Basic Research and Practical Problems: The Promise of a "functional" Personality and Social Psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol.19:3, pp.251-264. 93193001

Sprecher, S. & Cate, R. M. (2004). Sexual Satisfaction and Sexual Expression as Predictors of Relationship Satisfaction and Stability. In The Handbook of Sexuality in Close Relationships (pp. 245-266). Psychology Press.

Tiggemann, M. (2011). Mental Health Risks of Self-Objectification: A Review of the Empirical Evidence for Disordered Eating, Depressed Mood, and Sexual Dysfunction.

Vogler, C. & Pahl, J. (1993). Social and Economic Change and the Organisation of Money within Marriage. Work, Employment and Society, vol.7:1, pp.71–95.

Weaver AD, Byers ES. (2006). The Relationships among Body Image, Body Mass Index, Exercise, and Sexual Functioning in Heterosexual Women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, vol.30, pp.333–339.

Zhou, J., Lee, I., Thomas, B., Menassa, R., Farrant, A. & Sansome, A. (2012). In-Situ Support for Automotive Manufacturing Using Spatial Augmented Reality. International Journal of Virtual Reality, vol.11:1, pp.33-41.




How to Cite

Farhan, S., & Ismail , Y. (2022). The Relationship Of Body Shape Satisfaction With Personal Intimacy And Sexual Satisfaction Among Married Females. Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies, 22(1), 135–156.