Female Education Supports In Up-Gradation Of A Society: An Investigation From Female Primary School Teachers In District Malir, Karachi


  • Muhammad Siddique Pakistan Navy
  • Dr. Mariya Baig
  • Dr. Malik Mamoon Munir




Female education, Family support, Government regulators, Well-developed, Respectable members


Females are considered as the developing and supporting elements of a family. They support their families in making them respectable members of society. Without female supports and help the proper development of a family is not possible. Women are the family builders who carefully develop a family as per its requirements in society. That is why female education is the basic need for social development in a country. This study discovers the need for female education to be essential for a family in Pakistan. A well-developed and tested questionnaire is used for data collection. Data were collected from 110 respondents on a convenience basis from selected primary schools of district Malir in Karachi. For data analysis, descriptive statistics were applied on proposed variables, such as the importance of female education, female financial support, female support for children's education, and female support in family grooming. The results of the analysis were in favour of female education. This study stands out as the first of its kind in Pakistan intended to serve as an inspiration for government regulators to help them in future policymaking for the country. Due to female education in the country effective decision-making and planning activities may help not only to improve the present society but also to reduce poverty in Pakistan.


Aja-Okorie, U. (2013). Women education in Nigeria: Problems and implications for family role and stability. European Scientific Journal, 9(28), 272–282. http://www.eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/1897

Awan, S. Z. (2016). Relevance of education for women’s empowerment in Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 18(1), 208–229.

Aziz, M., Bloom, D. E., Humair, S., Jimenez, E., Rosenberg, L., & Sathar, Z. (2014). Education system reform in Pakistan: why, when, and how? IZA Staff and Network Members, 76, 23.

Bari, F., Malik, R., & Raza, F. (2016). Raising domestic resources for equitable education in Pakistan. Background Paper for the Education Commission, 1–25.

Brahima Sanou. (2012). A Bright Future in ICTs Opportunities for a new generation of women. In International Telecommunication Union, Switzerland,1-66.

Critelli, F. M. (2010). Women’s rights=human rights: Pakistani women against gender violence. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 37(2), 135–160.

Dougherty, K. J., Lahr, H. E., & Morest, V. S. (2017). Reforming the American community college: promising changes and their challenges. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED579007.pdf

Gordon, R., Marston, L., Rose, P., & Zubairi, A. (2019). 12 Years of Quality Education for All Girls : A Commonwealth Perspective (January),1-83.

Graça Machel. (2011). Make It Right: Ending the Crisis in Girls’ Education. In Focus (p. 56).http://www.campaignforeducation.org/docs/reports/makeitright/MakeItRight_Report_07.pdf

Hassan, S. A., & Rafaz, N. (2017). The Role of Female Education in Economic Growth of Pakistan: A Time Series Analysis from 1990-2016. International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development, 3(1), 83–93. https://doi.org/10.18775/ijied.1849-7551-7020.2015.35.2007

Idris, F., Hassan, Z., Ya’acob, A., Gill, S. K., & Awal, N. A. M. (2012). The Role of Education in Shaping Youth’s National Identity. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59, 443–450. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.299

Indian Ministry of Women and Child Development, I. (2016). National Policy for Women 2016 (Vol. 2016, Issue May). http://www.wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/draft national policy for women 2016_0.pdf

Jackson, L. W. (2009). Educate the Women and You Change the World: Investing in the Education of Women Is the Best Investment in a Country’s Growth and Development. Forum on Public Policy Online, 2009(2), 1–28.

Khan, M. S., Ayub, S., & Khan, S. I. (2020). A Comparative Analysis of Educational Policies of Pakistan and India for Higher Education Development. Journal of the Research Society of Pakistan, 1(57), 354–365. http://pu.edu.pk/images/journal/history/PDF-FILES/31_57_1_20.pdf

King, E. M., & Winthrop, R. (2015). Today’s Challenges for Girls’ education. In Global Economy and Development at Brookings Institution (Issue June). https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Todays-Challenges-Girls-Educationv6.pdf

Lovely Parvin, Jinrong, J., & Rahman, M. W. (2012). Women entrepreneurship development in Bangladesh: What are the challenges ahead? African Journal of Business Management, 6(11), 3862–3871. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJBM11.2858

Malik, S., & Courtney, K. (2011). Higher education and women’s empowerment in Pakistan. Gender and Education, 23(1), 29–45. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540251003674071

Nations, U. (2020). Education during COVID-19 and beyond. In UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank Joint Survey. https://doi.org/10.24215/18509959.26.e12

Naveed, S. (2018). The importance of educating girls in the Newly Merged Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. In Echidna Global Scholar at the Brookings Institution and Education Specialist at USAID Pakistan (Issue November). www.brookings.edu/echidna-global-scholars-program.

Naz, A., Daraz, U., Khan, W., & Sheikh, I. (2013). Physical and Infrastructural Obstacles to Women’s Education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 139–145. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=102235845&site=ehost-live

Naz, S. (2003). The status of female education in rural Balochistan. In Department of education, Baluchistan, Pakistan3(1),290-297.

Odomore, A. (2015). Challenges To Female Education in the Developing World and International Efforts To Address Those Challenges1(1)1-48.

Porter, S. A. (2016). Girls’ education, development, and social change: “Seeding, strengthening and linking” (global fund for women). Policy Futures in Education, 14(5), 517–538. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478210315625904

Razzaq, J. (2015). Community-supported models for girls’ education in diverse contexts in Pakistan: Key issues for policy and practice (pp1-44).

Sadev. (2010). Gender Equality in and through Education. In Swedish Agency for Development Evaluation, 1-54.

Saeeda Shah & Umbreen Shah. (2012). Pakistan Girl Education in Rural. International Journal of Sociology Education, 1(2), 180–207.

Smirnov, A. G. (2017). Education in developing countries. Soviet Education, 14(10), 65–70. https://doi.org/10.2753/RES1060-9393141065

Somani, T. (2017). Importance of Educating Girls for the Overall Development of Society: A Global Perspective. Journal of Educational Research and Practice, 7(1), 125–139. https://doi.org/10.5590/jerap.2017.07.1.10

Sperling, G. B., Winthrop, R., & Kwauk, C. (2016). What Works in Girls ’ Education(January),1–3.

Sundholm, C. (2011). Educate a woman – and you will educate an entire nation? Södertörn University College,1-29.

Swift, D. & Gena, G. (2013). Girls’ Education in Uganda: Potential Options for Support by DFID Uganda. Health and Education Advice and Resource Team, 80(2), 122–127. http://www.heart-resources.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/girls-education-in-uganda-options-for-support-by-dfid.pdf?x30250%0Ahttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9230145

The Secretary of State. (2005). Girls’ education: towards a better future for all. In The Department for International Development (Vol. 1, Issue 1). http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/challenge%5Cnhttp://www.prb.org/Publications/Reports/2003/EmpoweringWomenDevelopingSocietyFemaleEducationintheMiddleEastandNorthAfrica.aspx%5Cnhttp://www.aup.edu.pk/sj_pdf/SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL CONS

Timperley, H., Wilson, A., Barrar, H., & Fung, I. (2007). Teacher professional development and ICT: Strategies and models. In Ministry of Education (Vol. 109, Issue 14). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7984.2007.00116.x

Tripathy, D. B., & Raha, S. (2018). Role of Government on Women Empowerment in India. Adhyayan: A Journal of Management Sciences, 6(1), 79–85. https://acces.bibl.ulaval.ca/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=130238582&amp%0Alang=fr&site=ehost-live%0A11.258357/Adyn-11

Watch, H. R. (2018). “Shall I Feed My Daughter, or Educate Her?” Barriers to Girls’ Education in Pakistan (pp. 1–112). https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/pakistan1118_web2.pdf

World Bank. (2016). “Reaching Girls, Transforming Lives.” Snapshot, Education Global Practice (pp. 1–2).




How to Cite

Muhammad Siddique, Dr. Mariya Baig, & Dr. Malik Mamoon Munir. (2021). Female Education Supports In Up-Gradation Of A Society: An Investigation From Female Primary School Teachers In District Malir, Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies, 21(2), 73–92. https://doi.org/10.46568/pjgs.v21i2.567