Educated Females Participation In Labor Market: The Role Of Structural Barriers


  • Sidra Maqsood Academics and Research Punjab Higher Education Commission
  • prof. Dr Fauzia Maqsood Faculty of Social Sciences University of Gujrat



Females’ proportion is increasing at higher levels of education in Pakistan but educated female’s employment is not increasing in consonance with their level of education. The main purpose of the present research is to explore the structural barriers of educated females regarding their participation in labor market. A sample of 251 female respondents was selected from University of Gujrat through stratified random sampling technique to conduct survey. A well-structured questionnaire was administered by the researcher to collect data from the respondents. Logistic regression was applied to examine independent effect of variables. To find out significance of various independent variables, dependent variable was cross examined by using chi- square method. Findings of Logistic regression revealed that structural factors were 3.3 times more likely to exhibit favorable attitude towards female employment, whereas respondents with highly supportive family’s normative factors were 2.9 times more likely to have favorable attitude towards female employment. The study suggested that there is still need to do more studies as well as large scale cross sectional house hold national surveys on this topic and there should be a mechanism to develop awareness campaign strategies to create awareness by using different channels including media, NGOs, and some other concerned departments to minimize structural factors and enhance female labor force participation.




How to Cite

Maqsood, S., & Maqsood, F. (2017). Educated Females Participation In Labor Market: The Role Of Structural Barriers. Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies, 14(1), 195–206.