Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/administrator/PJASS4.PNG"></a></p> en-US (Editor) (Dr. Syeda Farhana Sarfaraz) Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Impact of Spiritual Intelligence on Job Satisfaction of Social Welfare Officers in Pakistan <p>The core purpose of the present research is to examine the spiritual intelligence and job satisfaction of Social Welfare Officers in Pakistan. Spiritual intelligence is one of the many types of intelligence that can be developed relatively independently. Spiritual intelligence is a way of knowing and connecting the inner life of the mind and soul with the outer life. Job satisfaction is a sense of accomplishment that a person gets from his work. It is a measure of workers' satisfaction with their jobs. It can be measured in terms of knowledge, motivation, and behavior. For this study, a sample of three hundred seventy-four Social Welfare Officers has been taken through a proportionate random sample technique from all the provinces of Pakistan, namely, Punjab, KPK, Sindh, Balochistan, ICT, GB, and AJK. A cross-sectional survey has been conducted and a well-structured questionnaire was used for the study. The Uni-variate, bi-variate, and multi-variate analyses have been performed to draw results and conclusions. The study findings show that spiritual intelligence, directly and indirectly, causes impacts on job satisfaction among Social Welfare Officers in Pakistan. The study findings also report that spiritual intelligence has positively contributed to Social Welfare Officer's pay and promotion, job security, workload status, relationship with co-workers, work environment, and feedback and support.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Feroz Usmani, Prof Dr. Syeda Mahnaz Hassan Copyright (c) 2022 Feroz Usmani, Prof Dr. Syeda Mahnaz Hassan Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Shrines, Drugs, and Mental Health in South Asian Culture: A Case Study of Rahman Baba Shrine, Peshawar Pakistan <p>This phenomenological study explores the traits of substance-induced mysticism at the Rehman Baba shrine in Pakistan. The shrine of Rehman Babais frequently visited by many. Some of the <em>Malang</em>(monks) use marijuana to induce a mystic experience. It has become a socially acceptable practice at this shrine. It uses non-participant observation of the substance users and exploratory interviews along with focused group discussion at Rahman Baba shrine. The findings indicate that only marijuana is used at the shrine as a holy drug. They view substance use as a source of love for humanity, relaxation from social stresses, and harmony among the users. It is further used to escape from the challenges of social life. Merton’s ‘individual’s modes of adaptation’ has been used to explain the data.</p> Shakeel Ahmed, Imran Ahmad Sajid , Samia Shakeel Copyright (c) 2022 Shakeel Ahmed, Imran Ahmad Sajid , Samia Shakeel Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Working and Non- Working Women Exposure to Mass Media and Usage of Family Planning Methods: Perceptions and Experiences of Maternal Health <p>Healthy married women are an asset for any society as they perform household chores and other professional responsibilities. Media brings them latest information about their maternal health care while providing knowledge of diverse methods of family planning. The study was an effort to explore the health care perceptions of women and applications of different methods used for reproductive health. Qualitative research method was applied through in-depth interviews of married women. These were working and non-working women. Purposive sampling, a type of non-probability sampling was used to select the most relevant thirty participants from Lahore, Pakistan. Themes and sub themes were derived from data. The research concluded that working women had a controlled choice to choose any family planning methods whereas non-working women face hurdles in this regard. Only a small segment of women in society is well aware of their maternal. Ignorance and societal pressure also contribute to the worst health conditions of non-working women. The study recommended that mass media has to work actively while providing dedicated health programs for women health.</p> Ayesha Sadiqa, Faiza Shahid Copyright (c) 2022 Ayesha Sadiqa, Faiza Shahid Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Community Based Organizations in Sustainability of Community Managed Rural Water Supply Schemes <p>Sustainability of community-managed rural water supply schemes (CM-RWSS) is a major challenge in rural settings. The functioning of community-based organizations (CBO) influences the functionality of CM-RWSS. The purpose of the present research was to investigate the role of CBOs in the sustainability of RWSS in the Gujranwala division in Punjab Province, Pakistan. The study was cross-sectional in nature and adopted the quantitative research approach. The data was collected from the beneficiaries of RWSS at the household level. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted. The districts for the study were selected purposively since they have more RWSS as compared to other districts. The six functional RWSS schemes were randomly selected from the Gujranwala division. An interview schedule was structured to collect data from the water users. Data was entered, summarized, and analyzed using SPSS version 22. A linear regression test was applied to assess the impact of CBOs' functioning on the&nbsp;satisfaction of water users. The study concluded that CBOs at community level were performing their role adequately to ensure the sustainability of water supply schemes. It was also indicated that water provided through these schemes was of good quality and adequate to meet community members' needs. It was also concluded that the functioning of CBOs was the initial, major, and significant source of quality water availability and RWSS sustainability.</p> Muhammad Alam Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Alam Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Water Conflicts: A Case of South Asian Region <p>Water is very indispensable for all living beings on earth, although it is in enough amounts the global demand for freshwater has been mounting with time. Nowadays climate changes also affect water availability in the world, therefore it is been a source of conflict in different regions.There are several water-related conflicts in countries like India, Pakistan, China, and different geographical regions and African countries. However, none of these conflicts became major conflicts and the states either applied control measures or entered into a quasi-mutual settlement, thus temporarily resolving the difficulty and avoiding conflicting heavy shock. In this article 3 major conflicts in South Asia Region are discussed. Pakistan-India, India-Bangladesh, and Pakistan-Afghanistan water-related conflicts. The given piece of writing is a document analysis based on previously published research, in which a qualitative method of research is applied. Therefore, to benefit mainly from the available water resources in the region, South Asian countries need to be more open and cooperative with each other, taking care of the interests of small countries; they must give up their historical device and move forward in confidence and understanding; they must not engage in narrow-minded and extremely sensitive nationalism, but aim for development, and they should control water resources through region level mechanism.</p> Dr. Syed Shahab uddin, Dr. Muneera Moula Bakhsh Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Syed Shahab uddin, Dr. Muneera Moula Bakhsh Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Elderly People: A Study of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent lockdowns adversely affected every sphere of the life throughout the world. The negative impacts of COVID-19 affected all </em>age<em> groups, including senior citizens. The pandemic and the lockdown brought severe psychological, social, cultural and economic impacts on the lives of elderly people. This study aims to know about the economic and psychological impact of COVID-19 on senior citizens. The nature of the study is qualitative. For the study, 20 respondents were selected through purposive sampling technique from the village Rehankot, Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Data has been collected through in-depth interviews and then analyzed through the technique of thematic analysis. The results show that the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns brought negative psychological and economic impacts on senior citizens in the form of anxiety, depression, poverty.</em></p> Hamid Alam, Adnan Khan, Sameer Ul Khaliq Jan Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000